How to change last commit message
Often when making changes to code, I commit them and then have to change to commit I just made, either because I think the commit message could be better or I had to make a last-minute change to the code I wish to include in the commit.
Change last commit message
So consider I committed changes with the following command (
-m to write one line commit message):
git commit -m "fix: big feature X"
Here’s how I fix the commit, using the
git commit --amend -m "fix: small feature X"
In case I want to add additional code to the commit, I run
git add <file> before running
git commit --amend :
Verify new commit message
To check that it worked and I fixed the right commit I check the latest commit with:
git log --oneline
--oneline because I just want to see the commit messages, instead of also seeing the name and email of the author of the commit. You’ll an output similar to this, where you can see the last commit has the correct message:
1792519 (HEAD -> master, origin/master, origin/HEAD) fix: small feature X
701aa33 docs: add instructions to README
In my environment, this will open vim, which I close by typing
Fix pushed commit
In case I already pushed to the remote repository the commit I want to fix, I force the push to remote to update the commit. Preferably, you are working on a feature specific branch, which does not affect the main one (in case this messes the git history for some reason). So this is what I would run, where
<branch> is the branch you are working on (e.g.:
git push -f origin <branch>